Wednesday, 15 November 2017

Maryborough Flooding

Yared Brothers in the background of Flood Waters - Axtell Collection
The Libraries never know what local history treasures may be hidden in people's collections. Out of the blue, one day, a call came from Toowoomba. Some Maryborough flood photographs featuring Queens Hotel, Cafe Kings, and Yared Brothers had been discovered in a collection and were sent to us. Maryborough has been affected by floods on numerous occasions in the last 140 years. The Libraries are busily adding images to our image gallery found here many of which include flood images.
Queens Hotel Maryborough  - Axtell Collection
The Fraser Coast Regional Council also has historical flood profiles from 1957, 1989 and 1992 available here along with lots of other flood information.

Do you have any old flood images?

Friendly Society and Cafe Kings Maryborough - Axtell Collection
What memories do you have of floods?

Tags #maryborough #flood #boats #Queens #Yareds #Cafekings #Frasercoastlibraries #images

Monday, 13 November 2017

Nettlefield & Palmer - one of Maryborough's oldest buildings; now Gatakers Artspace

Nettlefield & Palmer now a a multi-purpose arts facility called Gatakers Artspace. This image is part of Fraser Coast Libraries collection.  
In 1868 Samuel Smith and Linklater & Thompson built a store in Kent Street for Robert Travis, of the wholesale and retail firm, Robert Travis and Co. A wonderfully descriptive article describing the store can be found here

Travis was a very successful merchant and a director of the first sugar company in the district. A Maryborough Chronicle article documenting his involvement can be found here 

Following Travis's passing in 1879, drapers Rutledge and Netterfield (later Netterfield and Palmer) took over the building. Like the previous owner, they were agents who brought South Sea Islanders to Maryborough. A Chronicle article here states 106 recruits aboard on June 10th, 1883.

Purchased by C.F Gataker of Graham and Gatakers, General Merchants in 1885 becoming  Gatakers Pty Ltd  in 1934 as stated here in the Chronicle.

In 1955 the building survived a major flood and in 1986 Gatakers Pty Ltd ceased trading. The building was used for  a variety of purposes including offices and being leased by Australia Post. 

After the building was vacated in 2007, it was renovated and in 2010 became Gatakers Artspace.

References: (2017) (2016).

Tags #Gatakers #nettlefield #palmer #oldbuilding #Maryborough

Thursday, 26 October 2017

Sammy King Koi - Chinese Herbalist

Sammy King Koi. Original photograph Maryborough Wide Bay & Burnett Historical Society.
In 1918 Sammy King Koi of Brisbane bought a shop off of Jimmy Yow, who use to run a fruit and confectionery business. Although Sammy continued to sell top quality fruit and sweets, he also dispensed herbs. Sammy was a proficient herbalist and ran his business from the Kent Street location in Maryborough until he returned to China in 1934. Information about this shop can be found here It had a narrow front and stood opposite the Butter Factory. Sammy also lived at this location.

A Maryborough Chronicle article found here  documents his donation to the Christmas Cheer fund in 1932.

Chinese indentured labourers made a big contribution to Australia's pastoral industry. Slocomb (2014, p.21) claims there is consensus that “around one hundred thousand labourers entered the Australian colonies". Those labourers who remained after they paid off their debt had the choice of staying in the district and becoming naturalised, moving elsewhere in Australia or returning to China. The majority between 1858 to 1880 stayed in this district (Slocomb, 2014). These men were still young and had pastoral industry, carting/carrying skills and a passion for horses. They were well respected for their hard work and known for their market gardening skills (Slocomb, 2014). Slocomb (2014. 265) states “In Maryborough’s main streets, there were grocery and fruit businesses, cabinet-makers, carpenters and upholsterers, all with Cantonese names on their doors.” They contributed to the Maryborough we know today.

A display dedicated to Australian Chinese men and women can be found at Hervey Bay and Maryborough branches of Fraser Coast Libraries. If you have anything you wish to donate to these displays please let your local branch know.

Tags #australianchinese #maryborough #localhistory #chinese #indentured

Slocomb, M. (2014). Among Australia's pioneers. Bloomingdale: Balboa Press (2016).

Thursday, 12 October 2017

Historical Summary of Ferney by Gloria Banting

P. O'Kelly - Original photograph Maryborough Wide Bay & Burnett Historical Society Inc (from Loyau’s book)  

Ferney is a locality within the 4650 postcode which runs roughly from Five Mile Road to Owanyilla along the Mary River.  One hundred and fifty years ago, Ferney was the name of a sugar plantation owned by Peter O’Kelly, who had arrived in Brisbane from Ireland in 1861. Soon after arrival, he received a job offer from surveyor Cecil Hugh Colquhoun, who was travelling to Maryborough to commence surveying the new Agricultural Reserve.  When the subdivided land was made available for selection, O’Kelly chose three riverfront blocks with a total area of 150 acres, naming it after the estate of the French philosopher, Voltaire. He gradually purchased surrounding farms until he owned 600 acres.

In the early years he endured thefts by the local Aborigines, and also damage to his original shack and cane crop from floods. Marrying in 1873, he built a proper house for his new bride which was first described in a newspaper article in 1878. Ferney homestead still stands at the end of River Road, and is believed to be one of only two original plantation homesteads on their original sites – the other being Rosehill built by John Eaton.

O’Kelly’s first crops of sugar cane were crushed by Myrtle Grove mill - a few kilometres up the river and on the opposite bank - transporting his cane stalks there in punts. (Whilst surveying the Agricultural Reserve on the western bank of the Mary River, O’Kelly named Myrtle Creek which was a boundary of Myrtle Grove plantation and after which it was named.)  In 1875 he purchased a mill from near the railway bridge at Owanyilla. With it he could extract the juice by crushing his cane, then sending the juice down river in large tanks on punts to Yengarie refinery for processing into sugar.  Crushing the cane on farm also had another advantage in that the waste fibre (or megass) could be spread back on his fields as fertilizer. Eight years later he sold the old mill and had a new larger and more complete crushing plant manufactured by John Walker & Co.  At the time “Ferney” was one of over forty plantations with either sugar or juice mills on the Fraser Coast.

O’Kelly was very involved in the Maryborough community, giving lectures at the School of Arts on a  variety of subjects including “the beauties of Shakespeare”; served on the Tinana Divisional Board; was a director of the Victoria Copper Mining Company; a prolific letter writer to local newspapers; held positions in the Agricultural Society; was President of the Planters and Farmers association; instrumental in starting the Owanyilla school; vocal in the Polynesian labour debate and represented the Maryborough canegrowers in Brisbane; brought the first paspalum grass seed into the Maryborough area, and was recognized as an exceptional farmer.

One incident O’Kelly would rather we forgot, was his involvement with Colquhoun (who was charged with murder and subsequently acquitted) in the death of an Aborigine on Yardley next door to Ferney. There were also various accusations – some proven - of shooting at and also beating his Polynesian workers.

A report from the 1893 flood shows why O’Kelly gave up sugar cane for dairying – "heaviest sufferer will be Mr. P. O'Kelly, whose mill building, barn, chimney stack, stables and overseers cottage were swept away by the current. The boiler of the sugar mill has been lifted out of its position and thrown against the engines while the machinery will probably be found a complete wreck, as heavy hardwood logs have been dumped down upon it.”

A sad occurrence in 1898 was the drowning of the 10-year-old son of his former employee, Richard Beattie, who lived on the opposite bank of the river. The boy had been swimming with his two older brothers when he was swept away by the tide.  O’Kelly and the lad’s father searched for, and found the body floating about a kilometre from where he was last seen.

Ferney stayed in the ownership of the O’Kelly family until 1911 when it was sold to A. H. Moreton, the father of the 6th Earl of Ducie, Basil Howard Moreton.  Moreton sold in 1917 to John Samuel Farrar, who with partner John Costello, had been a pioneer of the Diamantina and the Northern Territory. Farrars Creek near Coopers Creek was named after Jack Farrar. Jack also helped the Burke and Wills expedition in western Queensland, accompanying them for a considerable time, showing them water, and giving information that was of much assistance to them. After surviving many hardships in the outback, Farrar’s wife was severely burned by a lamp at Ferney, dying next day in hospital. Within a year of their arrival Jack had died as well.

Kevin and Gloria Banting purchased the homestead block in 1987, taking five years to save the dilapidated house, and making it into a comfortable family home.

Published with consent from Gloria Banting
Tags #Ferney #Owanyilla #sugarcane #fivemile #Tiaro #Maryborough  #O'Kelly

Tuesday, 3 October 2017

Story of Glass Negatives and Tin Plate Photos by John Andersen; Hervey Bay Historical Village and Museum

Teddington Weir
With everyone today taking thousands of digital photographs on cameras and phones, it is hard to imagine that around 1900, photography was still a great novelty and very expensive. Although most people remember Kodak film and colour slides, early photographers captured images using glass negatives.
Now extremely rare, the Hervey Bay Historical Village & Museum is fortunate to have a collection of these glass negatives. More importantly our collections were donated by local Kaminski and Henderson families and these historic pieces of glass have recorded local images from late 1890’s/1900.
In amazing detail, prints from the negatives show Ululah, Teddington Weir, Woody Island, Baddow House, other local landmarks and people…….as they were in those far-off days. The collections are on permanent display at the Hervey Bay Historical Village & Museum.
Ululah Lagoon

Baddow House
Even rarer than the glass negatives, early photographs were produced on tin plate….the same tin plate that our fruit tins are made from today. These photographs are unique, not only because of the quality of the images but also the fact that they are even today in pristine condition after 125 years or longer. Again, the Hervey Bay Historical Village & Museum has a permanent display of some of these very special photographs.
Tin Prints
As with many articles on display, isn’t it interesting to know that many items over 100 years old, still work well. In the throwaway world of today, if a mobile phone for example, lasts for two years, it’s the exception. Just throw it away and get a new one.

Woody Island Light House

Published with consent from John Andersen, Historian, Hervey Bay Historical Village & Museum.

Tags #glass #negatives #woodyisland #teddington #weir #tinprints #herveybayhistoricalvillageandmuseum #herveybay

Sunday, 24 September 2017

The Fraser Coast Ambulance Service - started in 1897 in Maryborough

The Maryborough Ambulance Transport Brigade was formed in 1897 and operated from the store of a local chemist named Field Evans Smith.  Original photograph Maryborough Wide Bay & Burnett Historical Society.
In 1897, the members of the Medical Staff Corps decided, due to numerous calls for their service to form a Local Ambulance Transport Brigade.They relied completely on public subscriptions and donations. In their first year they attended 26 cases mostly from the country. The first annual meeting can be found here 
The annual report of the year ended April 1902 reported 46 cases and 113 cases of transport in Maryborough and 41 cases from the Pialba Branch.
The Maryborough Branch was overseen by Super Intendent F.E. Smith a well known local chemist and Deputy Superintendent Bearkly and the Pialba Branch was overseen by Superintendent W.H. Brown.
Gathering of Hervey Bay Ambulance superintendents many decades later. The Ambulance service at Hervey Bay had expanded considerably by this time. There were now many SuperIntendents having started with one SuperIntendent W.H. Brown in 1902. This image is part of the Fraser Coast Library Christiansen Collection.
This article in Trove found here also talks of the intention to have an Ambulance Service run out of Biggenden and the need for police to be trained in first aid. They continued to grow and eventually started services at Howard, Miva, Tiaro, Bauple and Kingaroy.
Ambulance Bearer Edwin (Ted) Simpson
Ambulance Bearer George Tregea
Ambulance Bearer Christoper (Gus) Loose
Were any of your relatives paramedics?

The Maryborough Ambulance Transport Brigade operated from Field Evans Smith's chemist store. The service outgrew these premises and in 1913 calls for a new building were made. The information in the Chronicle regarding this can be found here

The Lovell Children with a stretcher, 1914.

On the 14th August, 1915 the new ambulance building was opened in Adelaide Street by Mayor Alderman J. Blackley. A motto inscribed around a large cross Ever Ready for Love and Life  drew considerable interest found here
The second ambulance building located in Adelaide Street.

In 1932 the Ambulance Service was moved to newly erected premises at the Maryborough Hospital and has remained there since. The Ambulance Service came under the control of the Hospital Board and the old premises became used for transportation of sick patients. The Chronicle article detailing this can be found here 

Maryborough's First Ambulance Vehicle
Can you imagine being taken to hospital on a horse and cart?

Tags #Maryborough #Pialba #ambulance #stretchers #hospital #biggenden 

Source: Trove Digitised Newspapers

Wednesday, 13 September 2017

Maryborough Fire Brigade

This photograph shows the men of the Maryborough Fire Brigade with the original hand pump used to fight fires (centre of the photograph). The appliances on each side were purchased later and used steam-powered pumps that were built in England. The Maryborough Fire Brigade purchased their first horse-drawn, steam-powered pump in 1885 and the machine was named Progress because it was the most modern machine of its type in Australia at that time.  Photo Courtesy of Maryborough Wide Bay and Burnett Historical Society Inc.
The Maryborough Fire Brigade was formed in July 1882. This was after a fire in 1876 was fought with very little other than buckets and equipment. The Maryborough Municipal Council donated 50 pounds and land in Lennox Street near Kent Street. In 1952 Mr J.B. Raverty bought the original Fire Station and had it demolished.

Maryborough Fire Brigade now Commonwealth Bank Site. Old army drill hall on left - Upton and Co. Engineers. Left Morris Engine; Alex Dawson, Arthur Dowlands, Dave Whyte (Driver), Percy Gick, Arthur Heap, Joe Kenny. Right; Allday and Incous Engine. Bill Whitthrop, Cecil Ambrose, Arthur Polhmann (Driver) Alex Gick, George Horn, George Thomas.
Photo Courtesy of Maryborough Wide Bay and Burnett Historical Society Inc.

A new Fire Station was built in 1951 and built on the corner of Alice and Lennox Streets on the site of the very first Primary School.

Do you know anything about the Fire Station?

#firebrigade #maryborough

Source: Trove and Footprints in Time.